Run User Scripts on Suspend and Wakeup on Void Linux

Posted by Dave Eddy on Oct 01 2018 - tags: tech

While using Void Linux on my laptop, I wanted some way to trigger scripts as my user when the machine went to sleep and when it resumed. The main goal of this was to be able to lock my machine using i3lock on suspend.

I currently use xss-lock to register i3lock to be called whenever the screensaver is activated with this command (run at session start):

xss-lock -- ~/bin/i3lock-retry -enfi ~/Pictures/lock.png

With xss-lock running, I set my machine to lock automatically after 600 seconds (10 minutes) of inactivity with:

xset s 600

And locking my machine can be done manually by activating the screensaver with:

xset s activate

Note: i3lock-retry is a simple wrapper-script that calls i3lock continuously until it exits successfully (i.e. when the correct password has been entered). I've had some issues with i3lock crashing in the past and I just have this wrapper in place because of paranoia over ensuring my system locks correctly.

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Logging for runit on Void Linux with svlogger

Posted by Dave Eddy on Sep 26 2018 - tags: tech

Update 10/01/2018

svlogger can be easily replicated with vlogger(8), which is shipped with void-runit. This comment from Duncaen on reddit explains it:

I wrote vlogger(8) which works similar, by default it logs to syslog and if /etc/vlogger is an executable file it will exec into /etc/vlogger with the service name as argument.

The script would be something like this:

#!/bin/sh
exec svlogd /var/log/$1

The main idea is to make it simple to switch from logging to syslog to svlogd by just creating /etc/vlogger. Its part of the runit-void package and services could be shipped with this as default at some point.

I created /etc/vlogger as an executable with the following contents:

#!/bin/sh
logdir=/tmp/sv/log/$1
mkdir -p "$logdir"
exec svlogd -tt "$logdir"

Updated my existing log services with:

cd /var/service
for f in */log/run; do sudo ln -svf /usr/bin/vlogger "$f"; done

And restarted them with:

sudo sv restart /var/service/*/log

The rest of the post is left here for historical purposes.


I've been using Void Linux on my laptop for the last month or so and it has just been fantastic; using runit to manage services has been so incredibly easy. I wrote vsv to make the output a little more colorful and the usage slightly easier, but even just using sv directly has just been great.

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vsv - Void Service Manager

Posted by Dave Eddy on Sep 20 2018 - tags: tech

In my previous post, Using Void Linux As My Daily Driver, I wrote that I used vpm as a wrapper for the xbps-* commands to manage packages on Void Linux. I like how convenient the tool is and how it works (it knows it's a wrapper command and it doesn't try to hide that fact). It also makes the output very colorful, which I do like a lot. I know that's a bit of a simple reason, but I personally just like very colorful output (with the option to disable it of course).

Managing services on Void Linux is already fairly easy using the sv command; however, I felt a couple of things could be made simpler and that the output could be more obvious at a quick glance.

With that, vsv was born.

vsv is a bash script wrapper for the sv command that can be used to query and manage services via runit. It was made specifically for Void Linux but should theoretically work on any system using runit to manage services.

vsv was inspired by vpm. vsv is to sv what vpm is to the xbps-* commands. vsv is available under the MIT License on GitHub:

https://github.com/bahamas10/vsv

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Using Void Linux As My Daily Driver

Posted by Dave Eddy on Sep 15 2018 - tags: tech

I've been using Void Linux on my laptop for the last couple of weeks and I have been absolutely loving it. The whole system feels lean, minimal, fast, and has amazing battery life. I've found a majority of the software that I've used previously on Arch Linux is either available or compiles just fine on Void. I've run into a couple of issues because I'm using the musl build of Void, but I've managed to deal with them without too much trouble.

vpm - Void Package Manager

On the basic usage page for XBPS, there are a number of example commands for installing a package, searching for a package, removing a package, etc.

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Manage PATH Variable in Bash

Posted by Dave Eddy on Sep 12 2018 - tags: tech

Over the weekend I wrote what can only be described as a completely over-engineered solution to something that was really nothing more than a minor annoyance to me. I noticed that some paths in my $PATH environmental variable were duplicated, and some were there that didn't exist on the filesystem, and over all it was just a bit of a mess.

I remember encountering the pathmunge bash function a couple years ago but I didn't want something that relied on grep or any external commands - I wanted to be able to manage $PATH (and $MANPATH) with pure bash.

Introducing bash-path.

Functions to modify colon separated variables like $PATH or $MANPATH

https://github.com/bahamas10/bash-path

All of the logic is in a single file and can be sourced or copied directly into a bashrc file to be used. I pulled in bash-path to my dotfiles with this simple commit

Example

Given the following environment:

$ . path.bash
$ PATH='/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin'

You can add to $PATH using path_add (similar to pathmunge):

$ path_add /my/new/bin
$ path_add /my/new/sbin before
$ echo "$PATH"
/my/new/sbin:/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/my/new/bin

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ThinkPad X1 Carbon Gen 6 BIOS Update

Posted by Dave Eddy on Sep 09 2018 - tags: tech

I purchased the ThinkPad X1 Carbon (6th Gen) laptop over a month ago and have been happily using Void Linux on it for the last couple of weeks or so. The battery on this thing is absolutely amazing - without any tuning specifically for the battery itself, I can get really great battery life.

I posted about my install on reddit and was asked specifically about the power usage. I said:

I keep firefox with ~15 tabs open and have a couple terminal windows open - that's my daily workflow, and I can get like 8 full hours on this laptop! Sleeping however is a nightmare. It doesn't support s3 out of the box and I have yet to try this patch to enable deep sleep - i'll report back when I do. When the laptop is suspended it'll last about 48 hours before it is completely dead (WHICH IS TERRIBLE).

However, my friend Mike showed me this tweet showing that the latest ThinkPad BIOS update added support for better sleeping on Linux! I really wanted better battery life when sleeping, so I jumped into trying to update it as fast as I possibly could - and in that process, I learned a lot and failed pretty hard at first. This is my journey into getting a good nights sleep on my ThinkPad with Linux.

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Encrypted Void Linux Install on my ThinkPad X1 Carbon

Posted by Dave Eddy on Sep 05 2018 - tags: tech

I purchased the ThinkPad X1 Carbon (6th Gen) laptop about a month ago and have been loving it. My friend Mike convinced me to get it after showing me how nice his was and how well Linux ran on it. I hadn't run Linux on a laptop or a desktop since around 2010, as I had switched over to almost exclusively OS X.

I installed Manjaro when I got the laptop and used it for a couple of weeks just to get used to Linux again (and the i3 Window Manager). However, this was also my first experience with systemd, and, after using it for a bit, I really wanted something a whole lot simpler. Something that was designed to be lean, easy to understand, and easy to manage.

Enter Void Linux.

To install Void Linux, I basically copied the steps in this wiki page:

https://wiki.voidlinux.eu/Manual_install_w/full_disk_encryption

with the modifications at the bottom for EFI/UEFI machines.

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In Honor of Terry Davis and TempleOS

Posted by Dave Eddy on Sep 04 2018 - tags: tech

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oY33uoBSw3w

TempleOS is an engineering marvel and Terry A. Davis was an inspiration to a lot of people out there including myself. I made this cover as a way to honor him and his legacy and provide support for anybody out there who is dealing with this tragic loss.

This hymn is one of my personal favorites. It is commonly used as the introduction song for most videos by Terry about TempleOS - albeit it in a more MIDI like sound played directly by the PC speaker.

I made a more upbeat version of this song last year, though it wasn't personally enjoyed by Terry himself.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IdYMA6hY_74

RIP Terry


Block Tracking Sites With dnsmasq

Posted by Dave Eddy on Jul 19 2018 - tags: tech

Around five years ago I started looking into different ways to block ads and trackers in the most effective way on my computers. I discovered this hosts list on someonewhocares.org and even wrote a script to automate the process of downloading, verifying, and installing the list on my machines.

https://github.com/bahamas10/someonewhocares

I recently got back into it when I was setting up Encrypted DNS with dnsmasq and dnscrypt-proxy on SmartOS using OpenNIC. I stumbled across the Pi-hole project and really liked it, however I didn't want to run a raspberry pi in my house as part of any critical infrastructure. Instead, I took the essence of that project and found a compiled blocklist to use with my existing dnsmasq setup to block these sites at the DNS level.

notracking

I found notracking/hosts-blocklists which is an automatically updating block list compiled from multiple sources compatible with dnsmasq. I created my own set of scripts to download the latest blocklists from GitHub, verify them, and install them for use with dnsmasq, and finally restart dnsmasq so it picks up the changes.

https://github.com/bahamas10/notracking

I installed this on my nameserver zones with:

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Nginx Return Remote IP Address

Posted by Dave Eddy on Jul 17 2018 - tags: tech

The nginx server that hosts this website can now return your current IP address if you hit the url /ip.

https://www.daveeddy.com/ip

I have an alias in my bashrc to quickly use this to get my current external IP.

$ type externalip
externalip is aliased to `curl -sS https://www.daveeddy.com/ip'
$ externalip
1.2.3.4

To set this up, I modified my nginx config to add a location section for /ip

I basically ripped off this stackoverflow post but modified it to only match the single URL.

location =/ip {
        default_type text/plain;
        return 200 "$remote_addr\n";
}

location / {
        root /var/www/daveeddy.com;
}

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